Intestinal epithelial barrier regulation and Crohn’s disease
Jens Waschke (group leader)
Daniela Kugelmann (postdoctoral fellow)
Hanna Ungewiß (PhD student)
This is a project funded via the DFG SPP “Epithelial intercellular junctions as dynamic signaling hubs to integrate forces, signals and cell behavior” in which we study the mechanisms underlying intestinal barrier regulation by desmosomal contacts and their role in the pathogenesis of Crohn’s disease together with the group of Nicolas Schlegel at the surgery department of the university of Würzburg (http://www.zom-wuerzburg.de/index.php?id=423).
Crohn’s disease (CD) is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) with complex pathogenesis which is characterized by impaired intestinal epithelial barrier integrity. We previously showed that desmosomes are required for maintenance of barrier properties in enterocytes and that desmoglein 2 (Dsg2), which together with desmocollin 2 is the major desmosomal adhesion molecule, is crucial in this context (Figure 1).
Therefore, we started to investigate the role of Dsg2 in CD and found that in patients’ intestinal biopsies suffering from conservative refractory CD Dsg2 is reduced and displays altered localization. Our data indicate that tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), which is well known to be involved in CD pathogenesis compromised Dsg2-dependent enterocyte cohesion at least in part via p38MAPK (Figure 2). Since a Dsg-specific tandem-peptide can block the negative effects of TNFα on the intestinal barrier, we assume that signaling pathways downstream of Dsg2 regulate tight junction integrity.
Schlegel N, Meir M., Heupel WM, Holthöfer B, Leube R, Waschke J (2010) Desmoglein 2-mediated adhesion is required for intestinal epithelial barrier integrity. AJP Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology ,298(5):774-783
Spindler V, Meir M, Vigh B, Flemming S, Hütz K, Germer CT, Waschke J, Schlegel N (2015). Loss of desmoglein2 contributes to the pathogenesis of Crohn’s disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis, 21(10):2349-59
Ungewiß H, Vielmuth F, Suzuki ST, Maiser A, Harz H, Leonhardt H, Kugelmann D, Schlegel N, Waschke J (2017) Desmoglein 2 regulates the intestinal epithelial barrier via p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase. Sci Rep., 7(1):6329.